The Ukrainian lady declined to dance with the European partner: last tango for the EU’s Eastern Partnership?


800px-Flag_of_Ukraine1A few days before the long-awaited Vilnius Summit (29-30 November), Ukraine took everyone short by turning its back to the European Union and moving closer to Vladimir Putin, the Russian President, as The Times wrote. On 21 November, the Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov signed a decree suspending the negotiations with the EU to „ensure the national security of Ukraine” and to „restore lost trade volumes with the Russian Federation”. The EU was warned through its special envoy in Kiev, the former Polish president Kwaśniewski, who said earlier that day “the deal with Ukraine is over”. Some commentators have seen the Vilnius Summit as a “moment of truth” for the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). In the context of Ukraine declining to dance with the European Union, what will be the consequences of the EU’s Eastern Partnership? The political reactions of Ukraine’s partners, the rationale of the Ukrainian decision and the probable consequences for the EU’s ENP will be also discussed. Czytaj więcej

„The Great Popular Movement”


Pospolite ruszenieA question of honour? For ages of its history Poland did not possess a real professional army[1]. It was Polish (along with Lithuanian) noble class, gather spontaneously in significant times in a way of so called “popular movement” (pl. pospolite ruszenie), which was responsible for country’s protection and called upon by the monarch in the time of peril. What one can observe in today’s politics of Poland, being on-the-verge-of-its-first-Presidency-in-the-EU-Council, is presence of this unique feeling of the “popular movement”.

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