175 PARTIES SIGNED THE PARIS AGREEMENT. WHAT’S NEXT?

QUENTIN GENARD

On Friday April 22nd, 2016, representatives from 175 parties (the European Commission signed on behalf of the EU) gathered in New-York to sign the Paris Agreement at UN headquarters – making this a very symbolic ‘Earth day’. The Treaty is one of the outcomes of the COP21 meeting held in Paris in December 2015 – probably the most visible one. Parties agreed on the text of a new and legally-binding Treaty regulating the fight against climate change with the objective to keep the increase of the world’s temperature well below 2°C. The signing ceremony was the first test of the political credibility of the deal. Good news: it passed!

Why signing Treaties?

Once a country/a regional organisation signs a Treaty, it commits not to take any action that would hinder the purpose of the agreement even though the Treaty is not yet legally binding in its internal legal framework. After the signature, parties have to submit their ‘ratification instrument’ to the depositary of the Treaty. The submission of this instruments is the act through which a country agrees to be bound by the content of the Treaty. States do not always ratify a Treaty – the procedure depends on the national constitutional order, that can be  a ratification, but  also an acceptance, an approval or an accession. Czytaj więcej

DISRUPTING, BUT STILL NOT SOLVING – EU POLICY TOWARD MIGRANTS

MARTA MAKOWSKA

This Monday the EU Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) has launched the EU Naval operation EUNAVFOR Med aimed at disrupting human trafficking business, which – only in first four months of 2015 – led to the death of nearly 1800 people.  The number of migrants illegally crossing the EU border through the Mediterranean Sea has raised significantly since the last yearInternational Organisation on Migration (IOM) estimates, that because of the war and ISIS terror in Syria, Iraq, Libya and other sensitive places in the nearest neighbourhood this number could be as high as 30 000 by the end of the year. Czytaj więcej