Looking back at the Polish Presidency of COP24 in Katowice

QUENTIN GENARD

For two weeks in December 2018, Poland was the beating heart of multilateral diplomacy. COP24, the annual diplomatic meeting on climate change, took place in Katowice, the capital of Silesia. Stakes were high, especially for the Polish Presidency.

The multilateral framework to fight climate change

Scientifics have established a long-time ago that human activities influence climate. Governments set up an international framework to help the fight against climate change in 1992, called the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The 197 signatories meet annually at a Conferences of the Parties (COP) to assess progress and enhance actions. It is within this framework that the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement, and now the “Katowice texts” were negotiated.

The COP would generally take place in Bonn, Germany where its secretariat sits, unless a country volunteers to host it. The host country should come from one of the five regions officially recognised by the United Nations, on a rotating basis: Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe and Others. Poland has repeatedly been the only country to volunteer to host the COP from Central and Eastern Europe Region. This is why COP14 (Poznań), COP19 (Warsaw) and COP24 (Katowice) took place in Poland.

Not all the COPs have the same agenda or importance. Only some of them made it into history. It is during COP3 in Japan that the Kyoto Protocol was signed and hence the first common framework for limiting global warming emissions agreed. Observers still refer to COP15 in Copenhagen as a massive drawback as the world failed to agree on a new climate change treaty. Finally, COP21 was a landmark meeting as this is where the Paris Agreement was negotiated. At the end of last year, it was clear that COP24 would be an crucial meeting: negotiators were tasked with finalising the “rulebook” (the rules needed to implement the Paris Agreement) before turning to 2019, the “ambition” year. Czytaj więcej

SAME, BUT NEW? PRIORITIES OF POLISH FOREIGN POLICY IN 2016

MARTA MAKOWSKA

On Friday 29th of January, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Witold Waszczykowski, delivered the information on Foreign Policy in 2016 to the Polish Parliament.

In its main points, the long awaited speech came as a no surprise to those who follow the Law and Justice (PiS) rhetoric on international affairs. Fortunately, the language was careful and tailored to the audience, which included not only Members of the Parliament, but also foreign diplomatic corpus residing in Warsaw. Czytaj więcej

WEIMAR YOUTH FORUM 2014/2015 : PARIS IN THE HEART OF THE DEBATE ON THE EUROPE’S FUTURE

MAREK RUSSJAN

Between the 27th and 29th of March 2015, the representation of Centre for International Initiatives (Centrum Inicjatyw Międzynarodowych – CIM) participated in the Weimar Youth Forum organized in Paris. The Forum is a yearly meeting leaded each year by a young NGO from one of the “Weimar Trangle” States (Poland – Centrum Inicjatyw Międzynarodowych, Germany – Studentenforum im Tonissteiner Kreis and France – Conférence Olivaint). Traditionally, since several years a Belgian association (Conférence Olivaint Belgique) has also been taking part in the Forum. The Weimar Youth Forum was first organized in 2004, and since then, all annual editions have dealt with social, economical and political issues concerning Europe. Czytaj więcej

Europe’s military isolated collective suicides

THOMAS PELLERIN-CARLIN

French_soldier_equipment_USAF_C-17_130123-F-GO452-511, wikimedia commonsItaly, Greece, Romania, Slovenia, those are but few European countries who recently withdrawn their forces from ongoing operations (Libya, Atalanta etc.). Not for military nor political motives, simple because they ran out of money to finance their forces. Even European countries that still perceive themselves as great military powers face this situation. Symbolically, the recent operation in Mali was led by French soldiers who had to use adhesive tape to prevent there shoe-soles from being detached from their shoes. Indeed, Paris did not have the capacity to provide robust shoes to its soldiers. Czytaj więcej